Arduino:A Fun Microcontroller Platform

An Arduino is a single-board microcontroller and a software suite for programming it. The hardware consists of a simple open hardware design for the controller with an Atmel AVR processor and on-board I/O support. The software consists of a standard programming language and the boot loader that runs on the board.
Arduino hardware is programmed using a Wiring based language (syntax + libraries), similar to C++ with some simplifications and modifications, and a Processing based IDE.
Currently shipping versions can be purchased pre-assembled; hardware design information is available for those who would like to assemble an Arduino by hand. Additionally, Arduino-inspired clones with varying levels of compatibility have been released by third parties.
The Arduino project received an honorary mention in the Digital Communities category at the 2006 Prix Ars Electronica.
The project began in Ivrea, Italy in 2005 to make a device for controlling student-built interaction design projects less expensively than other prototyping systems available at the time. As of February 2010 more than 120,000 Arduino boards had been shipped. Founders Massimo Banzi and David Cuartielles named the project after a local bar on the Via Arduino. The name is an Italian masculine first name, meaning “strong friend”. The English equivalent is “Hardwin”, a namesake of Arduino d’Ivrea

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